Nonwovens Research


Tensile test - fabric rupture

Professor Stephen Russell
PhD (Leeds), CText, FTI, FRSA
Professor of Textile Materials & Technology

Steve is Director of Nonwovens Research at The University of Leeds. He is a specialist in nonwoven materials technology and nonwoven fabric manufacture. After research on the structure-property relations of carded assemblies with the IWS (Europe) he gained a PhD from the University of Leeds and was awarded the Worshipful Company of Woolmen’s research medal by HRH, The Princess Royal. Steve came to the Department of Textile Industries, University of Leeds as an Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC) Fellow and joined the academic staff in 1995. He undertook an invited research secondment in industry from 2001-2004 and in 2005 founded NIRI Ltd, a University of Leeds spin-out. Steve is an Editorial Board member of the Textile Research Journal, Journal of the Textile Institute and Sustainable Nonwovens. He was awarded a personal chair in Textile Materials and Technology in 2006 and was made an honorary Liveryman of the Clothworkers Company and a Freeman of the City of London in 2013.

Steve manages a large programme of research concerned with improving understanding of the process-structure-property relations of nonwoven materials.

Selected publications:

Dr. Parikshit Goswami
BSc (Calcutta), MSc (Leeds), PhD (Leeds), MRSC, ASDC
Lecturer in Textile Technology

Dr Goswami obtained a Bachelors’ degree in Textile Technology and then worked in different industrial organisations including a world leading textile testing and quality certification company. Subsequently he completed an MSc in Advanced Textile and Performance Clothing and a PhD at the University of Leeds.

Dr. Goswami’s areas of research are in fibre science and the application of chemistry for functionalising nonwovens and textiles. Dr Goswami manages a large programme of research concerned with fibre/polymer science, nonwoven fabric development, medical devices (implantable materials, non-implantable materials), sustainable materials (fundamentally understand the properties of new material), application and development of nano/ sub-micron fibres for novel applications, plasma treatment for functionalising fibres and textile chemistry.

Dr. Goswami is supervising nine PhD students and is a member of EDANA’s Board Working Group on Sustainability.


Dr. Elaine Durham
BSc (Leeds), PhD (Leeds)
Research Fellow

Elaine obtained a Bachelor’s Degree in Structured Textile Design (specialising in Knitwear Design) from the University of Leeds and has since completed her PhD which was a joint project between the Nonwovens Research Group (NRG) and the Institute of Molecular and Biological Engineering (iMBE), University of Leeds. During her studies she developed a small scale method of channelled scaffold production, using hydroentanglement techniques and investigated the potential of using crimped fibres to create a pseudo elastic scaffold suitable for mechanically stimulated cell culture.

Elaine was appointed in 2010 as a Research Fellow and worked on a Welmec project (Wellcome Trust and EPSRC) concerned with ‘Fibrous Tissue Scaffold Manufacture’. She worked as part of a multidisciplinary team focusing on novel tissue engineering strategies. She is now working on a Technology Strategy Board -funded project, developing new technologies for recovery and reuse of the valuable metals, fibres, fabrics and foams that make up mattresses and automotive components, once these products have come to the end of their useful life.


Dr. Giuseppe Tronci
PhD (Helmholtz-Zentrum Geesthacht and University of Potsdam) MSc (EPFL, Switzerland and Turin Polytechnic, Italy) BSc (Turin Polytechnic, Italy)
Senior Research Fellow

Giuseppe’s profile is at the interface between material science, macromolecular chemistry and cell biology. He joined NRG in September 2013 as a Senior Research Fellow within the Clothworkers’ Centre for Textile Material Innovation for Healthcare (University of Leeds, UK). His research interests focus on the molecular design of multifunctional polymer-based textiles for potential biomedical applications, including wound care, regenerative medicine, pharmaceutics and infection control. During his post-doctoral training within the WELMEC centre of excellence in medical engineering (University of Leeds, UK), he worked on the formation of biomacromolecular hybrid materials for potential applications in wound care and hard tissue repair. Prior to that, he completed his undergraduate studies in biomedical engineering, followed by a PhD in biomaterials, where he studied the structure-property-function relationships in defined biopolymer-based materials.


Dr. Ningtao Mao
BSc (NWITST, China), MSc (NWITST, China), PhD (Leeds)
Senior Lecturer in Performance Textiles

Ningtao is an experienced fibre scientist and nonwoven fabric engineer with extensive experience of both academic and industrial research in Europe, Canada and the Far East. He obtained his PhD on the liquid transport in nonwoven wound dressing materials at The University of Leeds and holds BSc and MSc degrees in Textile Technology from The Northwest Institute of Textile Science and Technology, China. He worked for twelve years before joining The Nonwovens Research Group in 2003 as a Research Fellow. His research interests cover fibre science and nonwoven materials engineering including modelling of nonwoven materials. Other interests include the engineering of sustainable nonwoven materials and processes and the associated life cycle analysis and impact assessment.


Professor Sergei Grishanov
BSc, PhD
Visiting Professor

Professor Sergei Grishanov recently joined the Nonwoven Research Group having finished his contract with De Montfort University, Leicester, as a Reader in Textile Science and Design. Professor Grishanov is one of the leading national and international specialists in the theoretical and experimental research in the key areas of textile engineering and technology. He gained this position due to his knowledge of mathematics, engineering, and textile technology. The results of his theoretical and experimental research have been widely disseminated in academic press currently including more than 70 publications.

Professor Grishanov successfully completed many research projects that have been funded by the UK industry, EPSRC, UK government and European research grants totalling more than £1.8 million. These research projects provided effective support to the textile industry through applied research in the area of textile engineering, modelling and simulation, textile fibre processing, textile materials and technology. Professor Grishanov is an active member of a wide research community providing specialist support and peer review service to Expert Evaluation Panel for the Framework Programme, Research Grants Council of Hong Kong, Expert Group of the European Apparel and Textile Organisation, and academic journals such as Textile Research Journal, The Journal of the Textile Institute, the Journal of Textile Science and Engineering, and the International Journal of Engineering.


Dr. Yu Yao
BEng, MSc, PhD (Birmingham)
Project Engineer

Dr Yao has a multidisciplinary background in Chemical Engineering and Material Science. He is a graduate of Birmingham University in the UK. He has extensive research experience and substantial expertise in material characterization. He joined NRG in 2013 as a project engineer, which involves extremely close cooperation with companies who utilise nonwoven fabrics as part of their production process. He is working on the development of new sustainable manufacturing systems and the development of new consumer products containing nonwoven fabrics.


Jesal Patel
MSc (Imperial College, London)
Project Engineer

Jesal holds a first class Honours degree in Physics from Imperial College London and is interested in the fundamentals of fluid flow through fibrous media such as nonwovens and the production of advanced nonwoven fabrics. His fundamental work is being applied to improve the performance of nonwoven fabrics in collaboration with a major European manufacturer.

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